Cycle of fifths /
Swing feel /
Straight 8's feel /
6 9 chords /
Major sevenths /
Dominant 7ths /
Altered chords / Augmented chords / The Diminished / The Half-Diminished / Voicings / Transposing / Ballads /
Harmonising conventionally / Harmonising more advanced / Minor sevenths / Hidden scales / Chords from scales / Chord progressions /
Bass lines / Scale-Chord relationships / Practice / Rhythmic patterns / Gigs / Drum guide / Composition / Arranging / More on arranging /
The rhythm method / Filler-notes / Melody / The blues scale / Open-heart brain surgery / Foreign notes / Composite scales /
Modes and Scales / The most essential thing needed to write music / The harmonic major scale / A cynical viewpoint / Short scales /
Ninths / 251s / Middle-Eastern scale / Harmonic minor (b2) scale / Manuscript paper / Colla voce / Professionalism / 11ths and 13ths
Augmented minor major seventh / Superimpositions / Playing by numbers / Form / The Origin of Pieces / Mnemonics for pianists
Scales from triads / Chord symbols for beginners (piano) / Harmony in bass clef / Challenging assumptions / Diatonic-Chromatic
Use of common minor scales / Putting on your own gig / Emotional impact of chords / Planning an arrangement / Big Band Writing - NEW
Backings in big band arrangements / Memorising music / Involvement / Hymns / Different tastes
Here are a few short free tutorials covering various aspects of playing jazz. Click on each of the topics shown in red and a pdf file will appear. To zoom in, hold down ctrl and tap + and to zoom out again, ctrl and tap - . To turn the page click on the forward and backward arrows on your keyboard. To print them, go to File and then Print and select either "all" or "current page". If you have an old printer, remember to set the print quality to high. Use the back arrow at top left to return to tutorials page in Internet Explorer.
BASICS - key signature, time signature, chord-building (triads), inversions, intervals.
CYCLE OF FIFTHS - key signatures of major and minor keys, cycle of fifths.
SWING FEEL - triplet feel, notation, smoothness, accents.
STRAIGHT 8's FEEL - as applied to ballads, latin and rock.
MOTIFS - motifs, ways to develop a motif.
6 9 CHORDS - major and minor 69 chords, major and minor pentatonic scales, chords built from pentatonic scales, blues scale.
PEDALS - concept of consonance and dissonance, pedals in the bass, pedals on top of harmony.
MAJOR AND MAJOR MINOR SEVENTHS - a few things about these chords.
DOMINANT SEVENTHS - how to construct, the names of notes, inversions of dominant sevenths, resolution of the notes,purpose in modulation, general use.
ALTERED CHORDS - 5ths and 9ths altered in dominant sevenths, altered major chords,altered notes in half-diminished chords.
AUGMENTED TRIADS - construction of augmented triads, uses, whole-tone scale.
THE DIMINISHED - diminished chord, diminished scales, substitution.
THE HALF-DIMINISHED - half-diminished chord, scales to use over it, substitution.
VOICINGS - different registers, relative strength of different intervals, quartal harmony, things to avoid,close-position harmony, open-position harmony.
TRANSPOSING - general tips, spotting II V I and I VI II V progressions, checking for ascending and descending chord progressions, intervals, ear-training, Eb transpositions.
BALLADS - how to practice play ballads...and other tunes
HARMONISING MELODIC LINES IN THE CONVENTIONAL WAY - for combos and bigger bands
HARMONISING A MELODIC LINE - more advanced diatonic approach, using triads and their inversions, chromatic approach, using major, minor and augmented triads, Shearing sound, diminished chords, open voicings, fixed interval chord progressions.
MINOR SEVENTHS - a few things about minor sevenths.
HIDDEN SCALES - finding scales which apply to unrecognisable chord symbols.
CHORDS FROM SCALES - building chords from scales and using them in improvising.
CHORD PROGRESSIONS - common chord progressions, substitute chords, writing new progressions.
BASS LINES - how to construct bass lines for various changes, chordal notes, scales, broken-up feel.
SCALE-CHORD RELATIONSHIPS - the main scales used in jazz, scales to fit chords, general points about improvising.
PRACTICE - how long and when, perfectionism or not, creativity, routine, technical exercises.
RHYTHMIC PATTERNS - some different rhythms to liven up your practice sessions.
GIGS - problems on gigs and other difficult situations.
A DRUMMER'S GUIDE TO BIG BAND MUSIC - how arrangers write music for drums and what is expected of the drummer.
HINTS ON COMPOSITION - on style, melody, harmony, rhythm and form. See also the Projects page.
HINTS ON ARRANGING - on style, harmony, melody, instrumentation and other points. See also the Projects page.
MORE ON ARRANGING further aspects of arranging
THE RHYTHM METHOD - new ideas for rhythmic patterns.
FILLER-NOTES - notes used to fill in a line.
MELODY - melodic elements in tunes and in jazz phrasing.
THE BLUES SCALE - need I say more?
OPEN-HEART BRAIN SURGERY ONLY JOKING! - what you will eventually need if you persist in playing jazz.
FOREIGN NOTES - notes which can be used which do not form part of the scale.
COMPOSITE SCALES - hybrid scales which are a combination of 2 normal scales.
MODES AND A FEW COMMON SCALES
THE MOST ESSENTIAL THING NEEDED TO WRITE MUSIC - as recommended by all the greats.
THE HARMONIC MAJOR SCALE - the scale and chords which fit it.
SOME SHORT SCALES - some 4 to 6 note scales
NINTHS - adding ninths to chords
251s - what scales to use to get round them
MIDDLE EASTERN SCALE - the major and minor Middle-Eastern scales and the chords within them
HARMONIC MINOR (b2) SCALE - the harmonic minor scale with a flattened second note.
CYNICISM - a realistic viewpoint
MANUSCRIPT PAPER - some blank manuscript paper for some exercises
COLLA VOCE - a guide to colla voce playing
PROFESSIONALISM - behaving in a professional way in music
5ths, 4ths, ELEVENTHS AND THIRTEENTHS - more on altered notes and extensions
AUGMENTED MINOR MAJOR SEVENTH - the chord and which scales apply to it
SUPERIMPOSITIONS - chords written as superimpositions
PLAYING BY NUMBERS - free playing within set limits. To hear how this might sound, click here. This is the example given on page 3 to which I've added a bass.
FORM - how music is put together.
THE ORIGIN OF PIECES - the evolution of a piece.
MNEMONICS - ways to find chords and scales for pianists
SCALES FROM TRIADS - scales built from triads
CHORD SYMBOLS FOR BEGINNERS (PIANO) - chords and chord symbols for beginners or piano players new to jazz
HARMONY FOR BASS CLEF INSTRUMENTS - harmony tutorial using just the bass clef
CHALLENGING ASSUMPTIONS - challenging conventional ways of doing things in jazz
FROM DIATONIC TO CHROMATIC - adding chromatic notes to a line
USE OF COMMON MINOR SCALES - where you can apply minor scales
PUTTING ON YOUR OWN GIG - what to bear in mind in putting on a concert of your own music
EMOTIONAL IMPACT OF CHORDS - how to conjure up an emotion using different chords
PLANNING AN ARRANGEMENT - how to plan a big band arrangement
BIG BAND WRITING - some hints on how to write ensemble passages
BACKINGS - backings in big band music
MEMORISING MUSIC - how to memorise music
INVOLVEMENT IN MUSIC - how to get all band members involved in playing music
HYMN TUNES - what can be learned from hymn tunes
DIFFERENT TASTES - music is a subjective experience
IMPORTANT NOTE: All of this theory might be useful to you (I certainly hope it is), but listening to the jazz greats
is the most useful thing of all you can do. So have a listen to the jukebox before you leave,
and make a point of listening to live jazz whenever you get the opportunity.
There are 3 models:
the Stonedway, which contains a number of chords all based on C
the Boozeyduffer, which has 6 basic chord-types in all keys
the Miniminipiano, which has some bigger chords in all keys
Unfortunately, these do not work on some older browsers and maybe on some more modern ones.
In case you didn't notice them on other pages:
Scored Changes Explained.- you can use the last page to determine which scale could be used over a chord or to write your own scored changes charts.
A Singer's Guide to Jazz Theory
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